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30 Tips & Tricks for Optimum TYPO3 Website Speed and Performance



How would you rate the performance of your TYPO3 website in its desktop (tablet too) and/ or mobile versions – good, average or poor? In case this question has left you with a frown then it’s the right time to optimize your portal for superior returns. It’s just not enough to deploy the best TYPO3 development strategies for your business website; it also has to be optimized for the highest speed and best performance metrics on different devices. Here are the top TYPO3 tips & tricks for making your TYPO3 website faster, more reliable and value-bearing.

Why do TYPO3 websites need optimization?

Page speed matters to Google: “Google Wants Your Site to Load in Less Than a Second,” thus goes the 2010 announcement by the search engine giant. Ever since, the speed at which website pages load, has been used as an important ranking signal by Google.

Page speed matters to Visitors: Page speed also impacts user experiences.  It is no secret that positive user experiences lead (more often than not) to better conversions.

Speed Matters


  • 73% of mobile internet users say that they’ve encountered a website that was too slow to load.
  • 38% of mobile internet users say that they’ve encountered a website that wasn’t available.
  • 47% of consumers expect a web page to load in 2 seconds or less.
  • 40% of people abandon a website that takes more than 3 seconds to load.
  • If an e-commerce site is making $100,000 per day, a 1 second page delay could potentially cost you $2.5 million in lost sales every year.

Analyze your Page Download Speed

At the very onset, it is essential to test the speed of your TYPO3 website by using one of the tools & techniques mentioned below. This will help you assess the exact reasons behind the unsatisfactory performance of your online presence.

Google Page Speed






Web Page Test




TYPO3 Website Speed/Performance Optimization

Tips #1: Choose Reliable Web Hosting Services

Choosing a reliable and fast server, and effective web hosting services, can be among the most important decisions that you will make in the process of figuring out how to make your TYPO3 website faster.

Here is a list of few popular TYPO3 Hosting providers:


Tips #2: Keep TYPO3 updated


Its always a good idea to always upgrade your site to latest TYPO3 LTS version. Checkout latest TYPO3 LTS version at https://typo3.org/download/. NITSAN is providing service of TYPO3 Upgrade/Updates.

Tips #3: Enable TYPO3 Cache

Activate the internal, very powerful caching system by using the below settings in Typoscript. It will cache the whole site and make site faster.

config.no_cache = 0

Tips #4: Static File Caching


Transparent static file cache solution using mod_rewrite and mod_expires. Increase response times for static pages by a factor of 230.

No matter how much you tune your system, each request for a TYPO3 page involves several SQL queries and heavy PHP logic. If your site has many static pages that are rendered the same way several times, even with TYPO3's cache you won't get a performance similar to static HTML files. That's why you should use the static file cache extension nc_staticfilecache.

Install & configure the TYPO3 EXT:nc_staticfilecache
TER: https://typo3.org/extensions/repository/view/nc_staticfilecache
Exension Manual: https://docs.typo3.org/typo3cms/extensions/nc_staticfilecache/

Tips #5: Image Optimization

Mostly websites are slow due to heavy size images, Please perform below steps to optimize the images on your TYPO3 website.

1. Manually decrease size of images (using online tools or photoshop)

2. Crop/Resize images by using Fluid Templating <f:image> Read more at https://docs.typo3.org/typo3cms/ExtbaseGuide/stable/Fluid/ViewHelper/Image.html

<f:image src="fileadmin/user_upload/demo_test.jpg" alt="Demo/Test" width="100c" height="100c" />

3. Configure the image quality 

$TYPO3_CONF_VARS['GFX']['jpg_quality'] = '65';

Also recommended to read these:

https://docs.typo3.org/typo3cms/TyposcriptReference/Functions/Imgresource/Index.html TYPO3-Image-Quality-Chart

Tips #6: Minify HTML

Optimization of the final page: re-formatting the html output, removal of newlines, and quotes. Install & configure EXT:sourceopt extension.
TER: https://typo3.org/extensions/repository/view/sourceopt
Extension Manual: https://docs.typo3.org/typo3cms/extensions/sourceopt/

Tips #7: Minify CSS & JS

Minification will remove all excess space. Setup below TypoScript code,

config.compressCss = 1
config.compressJs =1

Tips #8: Concatenate/Merge CSS & JS

Bundles JS and CSS files at frontend with below TypoScript.

config.concatenateJsAndCss = 1

Tips #9: Compression of TYPO3 Backend & Frontend


Setup below configuration in Install tool or directly configuration file.

$GLOBALS['TYPO3_CONF_VARS']['BE']['compressionLevel'] = 9;
$GLOBALS['TYPO3_CONF_VARS']['FE']['compressionLevel'] = 9;

Tips #10: CSS to the Top & JS to the Bottom

If set, all JavaScript (includes and inline) will be moved to the bottom of the HTML document, which is after the content and before the closing body tag. Setup below code to achieve it.

#Setup: Moves all JavaScripts into the footer
config.moveJsFromHeaderToFooter = 1

#Setup: Move individual JavaScripts to the footer
page.includeJSFooter {
  Jquery = jquery.min.js
  Bootstrap = bootstrap.min.js

Tips #11: Disable TYPO3 Logs

TYPO3 is a huge system and always maintains logs for many things, so you can disable it with below settings.

$TYPO3_CONF_VARS['SYS']['enableDeprecationLog'] = '0';
$TYPO3_CONF_VARS['SYS']['syslogErrorReporting'] = '0';
$TYPO3_CONF_VARS['SYS']['belogErrorReporting'] = '0';
$TYPO3_CONF_VARS['SYS']['systemLogLevel'] = '4';
$TYPO3_CONF_VARS['SYS']['sqlDebug'] = false;
$TYPO3_CONF_VARS['SYS']['no_pconnect'] = '1';
$TYPO3_CONF_VARS['BE']['versionNumberInFilename'] = '1';

Tips #12: TypoScript Code Optimization

It is always good practice to optimize TypoScript code from your templating code eg.,

  • Remove unnecessary TypoScript code,
  • Include only required template extension,
  • Delete extra spaces
  • Avoid TYPO3 backend template for TypoScript & Setup file based TypoScript
  • Modular TSConfig & TypoScript
  • Always good practice to create custom TYPO3 Extension for Templating with writing structure TypoScript for Packageable, Auto-loading abilities, Re-usability of code etc.,
  • Include TSConfig & TypoScript via INCLUDE_TYPOSCRIPT


<INCLUDE_TYPOSCRIPT: source="FILE:EXT:extkey/Configuration/TypoScript/root.ts">
<INCLUDE_TYPOSCRIPT: source="FILE:EXT:extkey/Configuration/TSConfig/root.ts">

Tips #13: Reduce HTTP Requests


Sending fewer HTTP requests to the server can improve the loading times of your website.

Tips #14: Use a Content Delivery Network (CDN)


Content Delivery Networks (CDNs) have revolutionized web hosting during the past few years. Rather than hosting your website on a single server, you can distribute the files and load across multiple systems. There are a number of free CDNs offered by Google, Microsoft, Yahoo and other large web organizations.


<script src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.6.4/jquery.min.js.js"></script>
<script src="http://ajax.aspnetcdn.com/ajax/jQuery/jquery-1.6.4.min.js"></script>

There are several reasons why a CDN could benefit your website and company.

  • Different domains
  • Files may be pre-cached
  • High-capacity infrastructures
  • Distributed data centers
  • Built-in version control
  • Usage analytics
  • Boosts performance and saves money

CloudFlare is one of the most popular CDN, You may checkout this post of Installation & Configuration of TYPO3 at CloudFlare https://www.edge-cloud.net/2015/07/20/typo3-with-cloudflare/.

Tips #15: Reduce Number of TYPO3 Extensions

Deactivate all the TYPO3 extensions which are not necessary at your website.

Tips #16: Gzip Compression (.htaccess)

GZIP compression saves 50% to 80% bandwidth and will therefore significantly increase the website’s loading speed.

<FilesMatch "\.js\.gzip$">
	AddType "text/javascript" .gzip
<FilesMatch "\.css\.gzip$">
	AddType "text/css" .gzip
AddEncoding gzip .gzip

Tips #17: Leverage browser caching (.htaccess)

ExpiresActive On
ExpiresByType text / css "access plus 7 days"
ExpiresByType image / gif "access plus 6 months"
ExpiresByType image / jpeg "access plus 6 months"
ExpiresByType image / png "access plus 6 months"
ExpiresByType image / jpg "access plus 6 months"
ExpiresByType image / x-icon "access plus 6 months"
ExpiresByType application / font-woff "access plus 6 months"
ExpiresByType application / x-font-ttf "access plus 6 months"
ExpiresByType application / svg + xml "access plus 6 months"
ExpiresByType application / vnd.ms-fontobject "access plus 6 months"
ExpiresByType application / x-shockwave-flash "access plus 6 months"
ExpiresByType application / javascript "access plus 7 days"
ExpiresByType application / x-javascript "access plus 7 days"

FYI: From onwards TYPO3 7 already have this code at .htaccess file.

Tips #18: Disable Hotlinking and Leaching of Your Content


#Let's disable  hotlinking for images with either forbidden or providing custom image option

RewriteEngine on

RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} !^$ RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} !^http(s)?://(www\.)?yoursite.com [NC] RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} !^http(s)?://(www\.)?google.com [NC] RewriteRule \.(jpg|jpeg|png|gif)$ – [NC,F,L]

Tips #19: Enable Keep Live

Header set Connection keep-alive

Tips #20: Avoid 301 Redirections

Try to avoid 301 Redirections.

Tips #21: Fix 404 Errors


Create one page with the title “404”, And setup below code at Install tool.

$GLOBALS['TYPO3_CONF_VARS']['FE']['pageNotFound_handling'] = '/404/';

Tips #22: TTFB


Time to first byte (TTFB) is the measurement of the responsiveness of a web server. Basically it is the time it takes your browser to start receiving information after it has requested it from the server. A website’s TTFB is calculated as:

HTTP request time + Process request time + HTTP response time

Tips #23: Combine Your Images Into One – CSS Sprites


The idea of CSS sprites is pretty genius. For those of you who are unaware, a sprite is basically a set of multiple graphics compiled into one image. Read more at https://css-tricks.com/css-sprites/

Online tool to general CSS Sprites: http://csssprites.com/

Tips #24: Async Javascript

Async allows the script to be downloaded in the background without blocking.

<script async src="foobar.js"></script>

Tips #25: Use Lazy Load For Videos & Images

Images: Lazy load images to improve site performance, load times and reduce server bandwidth by only loading images when they're visible. Eg., http://jquery.eisbehr.de/lazy/

Video: Speed up your site by replacing embedded Youtube and Vimeo videos with a clickable preview image. Visitors simply click on the image to play the video.

Tips #26: Prefetch and Preconnect



Prefetch Google Fonts:
<link rel="dns-prefetch" href="//fonts.googleapis.com">
Prefetch Google Code (jQuery)
<link rel="dns-prefetch" href="//ajax.googleapis.com">
Prefetch Google Analytics
<link rel="dns-prefetch" href="//www.google-analytics.com">

Preconnect allows the browser to set up early connections

<link href='https://cdn.keycdn.com' rel='preconnect' crossorigin>

Tip #27: Avoid to use TYPO3 EXT:indexed_search

Do not use indexed_search for searching web sites until it implements FULLTEXT indexing. FULLTEXT indexing should be faster than current way. But currently indexed_search is not suitable for sites with more than 100 pages. It is terribly slow and puts huge load on the TYPO3 database. Remove it and you will notice how the server load drops and performance of website increases.

Tip #28: Regularly Clean-up MySQL Database Caches & Temporary Files

1. Clear Cache Files


#clear all TYPO3 caches
#requires TYPO3 extension coreapi
set -e

rm -rf /var/www/site/htdocs/typo3temp/*
su -c "cd /var/www/site/htdocs && ./typo3/cli_dispatch.phpsh extbase cacheapi:clearsystemcache"\
   -s /bin/sh\
su -c "cd /var/www/site/htdocs && ./typo3/cli_dispatch.phpsh extbase cacheapi:clearallcaches"\
   -s /bin/sh\

2. Clear MySQL Cache Tables


SET foreign_key_checks = 0;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cache_md5params`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cache_treelist`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_cache_hash`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_cache_hash_tags`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_cache_imagesizes`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_cache_imagesizes_tags`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_cache_pages`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_cache_pagesection`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_cache_pagesection_tags`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_cache_pages_tags`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_cache_rootline`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_cache_rootline_tags`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_extbase_datamapfactory_datamap`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_extbase_datamapfactory_datamap_tags`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_extbase_object`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_extbase_object_tags`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_extbase_reflection`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_extbase_reflection_tags`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_extbase_typo3dbbackend_queries`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_extbase_typo3dbbackend_queries_tags`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_extbase_typo3dbbackend_tablecolumns`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_extbase_typo3dbbackend_tablecolumns_tags`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_fluidcontent`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_fluidcontent_tags`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_flux_tags`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_schemaker`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_schemaker_tags`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_vhs_main`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_vhs_main_tags`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_vhs_markdown`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `cf_vhs_markdown_tags`;

3. Clear Log History


SET foreign_key_checks = 0;
TRUNCATE TABLE `sys_history`;

Note: Make sure, If you really wants ‘history’ of pages/content elements then do not touch sys_history table.

4. Clear RealURL Cache


SET foreign_key_checks = 0;
TRUNCATE TABLE `tx_realurl_chashcache`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `tx_realurl_pathcache`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `tx_realurl_urldecodecache`;
TRUNCATE TABLE `tx_realurl_urlencodecache`;

Read more about MySQL Optimization at https://wiki.typo3.org/Performance_tuning#MySQL_Tuning

Tip #28: Server Optimization


1. PHP

PHP Configuration

memory_limit = 64M
upload_max_filesize = 100M
post_max_size = 100M

PHP Opcode Caching: https://wiki.typo3.org/Opcode_Cache

Install eAccelerator using the following minimal configuration for one(!) average website (in our case, the Quickstart package):


2. MySQL Configuration

Adjust the caching parameter of your mysql Installation. Below general settings will help to get a performance boost

#Disable bin log

#Switch on and increase query_cache
query_cache_limit = 2M #default was 1M
query_cache_size = 64M #default was 0
query_cache_type = 1

#Increase table_cache
table_cache = 256 #default was 64

#Increase key_buffer
key_buffer_size = 64M #default was 8M

3. Apache Settings

Adapt MaxClients to find a balance between performance and server capacity, a conservative start value is 32.

#Disable excessive logging
LogLevel warn

#Disable DNS lookups, your log file analyser can do this afterwards
HostNameLookups off

Tip #29: TYPO3 Source & General

  • If you are hosting more than one site, use the same source directory for all sites. eg., Using symlinks.
  • Make as many pages cacheable as possible.
  • Watch out for performance killer extensions from TER by constantly testing their impact on performance.
  • Custom extension should be developed using standards of TYPO3 Extbase/Fluid

Tip #30: Find your own Techniques

Generic tips, like the ones given above, are applicable to any server that runs TYPO3. However, by investing in a unique, customized server, you can add volumes to your website hosting strategies. It certainly pays back to watch how your server behaves at all times……And try out innovative ways of optimize the same!


Last but certainly not the least; remember to keep a close watch on your portal’s TYPO3 performance as “Optimization should not stop”. From choosing a good host and server to TYPO3 Configuration, front-end techniques, ways of implementing a CDN, database cleanups, server optimization, and more, there’s a lot that can be done to extract the best speed and performance from TYPO3 websites. Through this helpful post, we have strived to lay down the best ways to speed up TYPO3 and the many options it entails.

We would love to hear from you. Do share some other TYPO3 website speed enhancement strategies that we might have not mentioned here.


Sanjay Chauhan - TYPO3 Technopreneur

Sanjay Chauhan - TYPO3 Technopreneur

A young technology enthusiast and entrepreneur. At 24, he co-founded NITSAN – a TYPO3 Agency in Bhavnagar, India. He is sought-after marketing face of NITSAN, is accredited with the management of customer-service teams, collaborations with agencies and clients, projects executions, and more. A tech guy in every sense of the word, Sanjay is the real TYPO3 Guru at NITSAN.

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